The educational aims and objectives determine both
the pedagogy and content of education, it serves as the educational compass to guide curriculum planners and implementers.
The culture, customs and traditions contain the moral standard, ethical values and other communal practices and activities
unique to a group of people, a race or a society. It has become the function of education to inculcate them in the youth of
a society and education becomes the means to perpetuate and preserve these culture, customs and tradition. It is deeply
embedded in the educational aims of a country.
Thus, the moral, attitudinal and ethical value
content of culture, customs and traditions as well as the other communal practices which makes a country unique are both directly
and indirectly integrated in the formulation of the ‘general’ curricula/(um) adopted by a country or an institution.
To give an instance, the aims of education in any country mandate the kinds of citizens that the country wants
it schools to produce. For example, in Red China, the kinds of citizens that schools are to produce are those who have unwavering
loyalty to the state while in the Philippines, the aims of education dictate the production of enlightened, patriotic,
useful and upright citizenry (a big (?) mark.
In the Philippine educational system, the fundamental aims of education are provided in
Section 5 of Article XIV of the constitution, which states, “all schools shall aim to develop moral character,
personal discipline, civic conscience, vocational, technological and scientific efficiency, and to teach the duties of